Effects and monitoring

Monitoring is the measurement of changes in biological systems in the laboratory and in the field. In the field, we understand it as the periodically repeated observation of the state of ecosystems. State changes in biological systems are used to draw conclusions about the quality and quantity of physico-chemical environmental changes under special conditions of land use and contamination. Measured changes compared to the normal state are assessed by means of indicative properties of the organisms, by means of important processes in organisms or by suborganismic effects observed in in-vitro test systems. Effect monitoring in the laboratory or more complex model systems (e.g., aquatic and terrestrial model ecosystems) is designed to detect and assess acute and specific toxicity as well as chronic damage observed in selected test species, laboratory populations, and communities in laboratory and field model ecosystems. The observed effects serve to extrapolate risks for the environment.

Group management


  • Ecosystem state
  • Indicator organisms
  • In-vitro test systems
  • Effect monitoring
  • Toxicity
  • Test species
  • Extrapolation of environmental risks
  • PSM-monitoring
  • GVO-monitoring
  • River monitoring
  • Classification of communities
  • Multivariate statistical methods
  • Bioconoesis-habitat systems in the landscape