Projektlaufzeit: 2013 - 2018
Dr. Werner Brack (Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung – UFZ, Leipzig, Deutschland)
Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Henner Hollert
Dr. rer. nat. Thomas-Benjamin Seiler (auch Management)
Dr. rer. nat. Thomas-Benjamin Seiler
Björn Deutschmann, M.Sc. (auch Bearbeitung)
Björn Deutschmann, M.Sc.
Ying Shao, M.Sc.
Zsolt Tarcai, M.Sc.
- EU´s Seventh Framework Programme for Research (FP7)
- Arbeitspakete (Work Packages WP):
- WP T3 Effect-directed analysis (EDA)
- WP T4 Effect-based tools (EBT)
- WP T5 Ecological Assessment Tools (EA) - Leitung Task T5.1: Using in situ biomarkers and bioassays in a weight of evidence approach (WOE) for the detection of pollutant mixture effects on individual and population levels
- WP C1 Danube River Basin case study - Leitung: Effect based screening
Projektpartner (nach Arbeitspaket):
- Australien: University of Queensland (UQ)
- Östereich: International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR)
- Brasilien: University of Campinas (UNICAMP)
- Bulgarien: Laboratory of Mathematical Chemistry - Asen Zlatarov University Bourgas (LMC)
- VR China: Nanjing University (NJU)
- Tschechische Republik: Masaryk University - Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment (MU-RECETOX)
- Frankreich: Institut National de l'Environnement Industriel et des Risques (INERIS); Watchfrog
- Deutschland: Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ Leipzig); Leibniz Institute of Plant Biochemistry (IPB); MAXX Mess- und Probenahmetechnik GmbH (MAXX)
- Niederlande: ALTERRA; National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)
- Norwegen: Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA)
- Serbien: University of Novi Sad (UNS)
- Slowakische Republik: Environmental Institute (EI)
- Schweden: University of Gothenburg (UGOT)
- Schweiz: University of Bern (UB)
- Großbritannien: University of Birmingham (UOB); Brunel University (Brunel); University of Liverpool (ULIV)
Reliable methods for a harmonized European environmental risk assessment have still to be improved. For this purpose, required regulatory measures by the competent authorities are more difficult, or often impossible. A consistent risk assessment is in need for solutions in the fields of prioritisation of present pollutants, abatement of future emerging toxicants, ecotoxicological data for these substances and tools for further management approaches. The 7th EU RTD Framework Programme project SOLUTIONS (Solutions for present and emerging pollutants in land and water resource management) started recently to address these particular topics with a consortium of 39 partners and under the coordination of the Helmholtz Centre of Environmental Research in Leipzig (Germany).
Within the Water Framework Directive (WFD) a huge amount of data on the chemical and ecological status of surface water and ground water were collected and are more and more available. This includes property and emission data of substances liable to registration according to the European Chemical Directive REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals), agricultural plant protection products and pharmaceuticals as well as naturally occurring substances. Furthermore, a large number of effects on water organisms driven by pollutants are proofed due to monitoring activities. The main challenge is the linkage of the occurrence of chemicals with the ecological status of surface waters represented by effects on organism and population level. On the one hand the identification of major stressors in aquatic systems is needed. On the other hand knowledge about the molecular mode of action of these chemicals at the sites of action, level of cells and organs, and resulting impacts for organisms and populations is of elementary importance.
For this purpose, world leading groups in trace analysis of emerging contaminants, transformation product identification and prediction, effect-based tools (EBTs; endocrine disruption, mutagenicity, adaptive stress response, in vitro and in vivo models, high-throughput microbial gene profiling, toxicogenomics), effect-directed analysis (EDA), exposure modelling, trait-based approaches and ecological modelling, risk assessment of mixtures, abatement options and science-policy interaction will contribute to this project. These efforts will result in tools which facilitate the necessary management approaches for the protection of European waters in according to the terms of the WFD.
Uniquely, SOLUTIONS has access to the infrastructural requirements of large river expeditions like the Joint Danube Survey (JDS) – one of the biggest river expeditions worldwide – or the Rhine case study which enables the chemical, biological and ecotoxicological analysis of huge river stretches. The collected Danube data during JDS3 (2013) will be provided by the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) in April 2014.
The Institute for Environmental Research (Biology V) at RWTH Aachen University is part of four different work packages and leader of the task group for biomarker in fish and bioassays in a weight-of-evidence approach within the project. In our studies we perform biomarker analysis in feral and caged fish as well as analysis under laboratory conditions. These results will be linked with corresponding results of bioassay analyses performed in parallel.